A Brief History of Voting in America
In 1919, congress passeed the 19th Amendment. In November, millions of women voted in the presidential election for the first time. There is no doubt that the 19th Amendment was an milestone achievement for women, but this achievement did not guarantee all women the right to vote. The 19th Amendment prohibits voter discrimination based on sex, but through loopholes and unfair requirements, states implemented ways to control who could receive a ballot.

In the 1890s, many southern states started to require voters to take literacy tests and pay poll taxes that primarily kept black people from participating in elections. Other ways states kept minorities from the polls included: lack of language access, polling place closures provisional ballot requirements, reduced voting hours as well as violent intimidation by groups such as the Ku Klux Klan.
Not only were black women being discriminated against, many minority races such as Native American, Chinese, Japanese, and Puerto Rican women continued to fight for their right to vote. In 1965, the Voting Rights Act was passed which outlawed literacy tests, poll taxes, and other discriminatory laws for all. So though the 19th Amendement did pass in 1919, not all were allowed to vote until just 45 years ago.