What Does Voter Suppression Look Like?
︎ Lack of language access
︎ Voter roll purges
︎ 
Polling place closures

︎ Lack of funding for elections
︎ 
Provisional ballot requirements

︎ Reduced early voting

︎ Reduced voting hours

︎ Poorly trained poll workers

︎ Creation of at-large local offices
Lets talk accessibility.

How much of a hassle it is to vote is generally a matter of design, not accident. According to Carol Anderson, a professor of African-American studies at Emory University. “Long lines are deliberate, because they deal with the allocation of resources,”. It’s frustrating to see long lines reported in the news media as evidence of voter enthusiasm: what they really show is government ineptness. And oftentimes a deliberate deployment of not enough resources in minority communities.

We need to look at voting wait times not only as an inconvenience for voters, but as a civil rights issue. A  2019 study led by the economist Keith Chen of the University of California, Los Angeles, measured voter waiting times at roughly 40,000 polling places during the 2016 election. The report stated that residents of entirely Black neighborhoods waited 29 percent longer to vote than their counterparts in entirely white neighborhoods and that Black voters were 74 percent more likely to wait more than half an hour to cast their ballots.



It is the other characteristics of blacks (most likely lower levels of education and income) that result in a lower overall voting rate as a group than whites.

“It's not a question of if something goes wrong — because it will — but it’s a question of how. As communities got less white and more poor, they had fewer resources per voter. What we may not understand is that not only are there economic hurdles but racial hurdles that put minority voters at an extreme disadvantage.” Myrna Pérez, director of the Brennan Center for Justice’s Voting Rights and Elections Program.